Main Article Content
Apple pomace is a solid waste derived from the apple processing industry. To foster sustainability, the apple processing industry must implement the circular economy model of biorefinery and treat apple pomace as a valuable source of apple seed oil. For the first time, this study dealt with the design, economic, and potential environmental impact assessment of biodiesel production from apple seed oil obtained from apple pomace. An Aspen Plus® and WAR® software were used to evaluate the designed biodiesel production. The main production steps were the supercritical CO2 extraction, the methanolysis of apple seed oil, the methanol recovery, and the biodiesel separation. The production facility was assumed to process 24 tons of apple seeds daily. The total capital and production costs were 1.26 US$ million and 2.82 US$ million, respectively. If revenues from selling apple seed meal as cattle feed were included, a biodiesel price could be 0.39 US$/kg. The process was environmentally friendly when apple seed meal was not treated as waste.
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