Nanofluids: Why we love them? Technical paper

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Divna Majstorović
Emila Živković


The rising need for fluids with significantly improved heat transfer properties led to the development of nanofluids. The first experiments showed encouraging results reflected in increased thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficient accompanied with better stability than colloid suspension. Many research laboratories and companies observed the potential of nanofluid technology for specific industrial applications. However, after publication of numerous papers with contradictory results for the same or similar nanofluids, many issues arose. Although in some branches of industry nanofluids have already found practical applications, at some point researchers went back to basics, conducting extended studies and benchmark tests in attempt to explain the nanoparticle influence on thermophysical properties of nanofluids. The final goal of the whole scientific community is to produce nanofluids at low cost, exhibiting long-term stability, and good fluidity as the three most significant preconditions toward practical applications in the heat transport field.


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Majstorović, D., & Živković, E. (2024). Nanofluids: Why we love them? Technical paper. HEMIJSKA INDUSTRIJA (Chemical Industry), 78(2), 105–111.
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