Enhancing MRR and accuracy with magnetized graphite tool in electrochemical micromachining of copper Original scientific paper
Main Article Content
Micro hole is the fundamental feature found in any device/components. Hence this paper aims to produces the micro holes using electrochemical micromachining (EMM). The existing machining techniques in EMM for creating micro holes are associated with more overcut (OC). Hence, it is very essential to reduce OC and enhance the machining rate (MR). This paper aspires to investigate the effect of graphite electrode with magnetic force on copper plate. Four different tools namely electromagnetic graphite tool (EMGT), permanent magnet graphite tool (PMGT), graphite tool and stainless steel (SS) tool are employed for these experiments. The major influencing factors are machining voltage in volts, duty cycle in % and electrolyte concentration in g/l was considered on MR and OC. The results exposed that EMGT, PMGT and graphite electrodes produce MR of 106.4%, 74.6 % and 44.5 % over SS tool at parameter level of 23 g/l, 15 V, and 85% respectively. Graphite and EMGT electrode resulting in 11.9% and 3.41 % reduced OC respectively than SS tool at parameter level of 8V, 95% and 28 g/l. Additionally, scanning electron microscope (SEM) picture examination is conducted to identify the magnetic field effect on the work surface.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors grant to the Publisher the following rights to the manuscript, including any supplemental material, and any parts, extracts or elements thereof:
- the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript in printed form, including print-on-demand;
- the right to produce prepublications, reprints, and special editions of the Manuscript;
- the right to translate the Manuscript into other languages;
- the right to reproduce the Manuscript using photomechanical or similar means including, but not limited to photocopy, and the right to distribute these reproductions;
- the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript electronically or optically on any and all data carriers or storage media – especially in machine readable/digitalized form on data carriers such as hard drive, CD-Rom, DVD, Blu-ray Disc (BD), Mini-Disk, data tape – and the right to reproduce and distribute the Article via these data carriers;
- the right to store the Manuscript in databases, including online databases, and the right of transmission of the Manuscript in all technical systems and modes;
- the right to make the Manuscript available to the public or to closed user groups on individual demand, for use on monitors or other readers (including e-books), and in printable form for the user, either via the internet, other online services, or via internal or external networks.
X. Wu, L. Li, N. He, M. Zhao, Z. Zhan, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 79 (2015) 321–327.
R. Thanigaivelan, R.M. Arunachalam, P. Drukpa, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 61 (2012) 1185–1190.
M. Soundarrajan, R. Thanigaivelan, Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 91 (2018) 1805–1813.
J.R. Vinod Kumaar, R. Thanigaivelan, M. Soundarrajan, Mater. Manuf. Process. (2022)
V. Sharma, P. Gupta, J. Ramkumar, J. Manuf. Process. 75 (2022) 110–124.
J. Bian, B. Ma, H. Ai, L. Qi, Materials 14 (2021) 2311.
S. Zhan, Y. Zhao, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 291 (2021) 117049,
E. Rajkeerthi, P. Hariharan, N. Pradeep, Mater. Manuf. Process. 36 (2021) 488–500.
S. Kunar, B. Bhattacharyya, J. Adv. Manuf. Syst. 20 (2021) 27–50.
M. Soundarrajan, R. Thanigaivelan, Russ. J. Electrochem. 57 (2021) 172–182.
B. Mouliprasanth, P. Hariharan, Russ. J. Electrochem. 57 (2021) 197–213.
R. Shanmugam, M. Ramoni, G. Thangamani, M. Thangaraj, Metals 1 (2021) 778.
G. Liu, H. Tong, Y. Li, H. Zhong, Precis. Eng. 72 (2021) 356–369.
T. Yang, X. Fang, Y. Hang, Z. Xu, Y. Zeng, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 116 (2021) 2651–2660.
N. Pradeep, K.S. Sundaram, M. Pradeep Kumar, Mater. Manuf. Process. 35 (2020) 72–85.
T.G. Arul, V. Perumal, R. Thanigaivelan, Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q. 28 (2022) 247–253.
T.P. Gopinath, J. Prasanna, C.C. Sastry, S. Patil, Mater. Sci.-Pol. 39 (2021) 124–138.
S. Palani, P. Lakshmanan, R. Kaliyamurthy, Mater. Manuf. Process. 35 (2020) 1860–1869.
B. Liu, H. Zou, H. Luo, X. Yue, Micromachines 11 (2020) 118.
D.S. Patel, V. Agrawal, J. Ramkumar, V.K. Jain, G. Singh, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 282 (2020) 116644.
M. Soundarrajan, R. Thanigaivelan, Mater. Manuf. Process. 35 (2020) 775–782.
K.G. Saravanan, R. Thanigaivelan, M. Soundarrajan, Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci.:Tech. Sci. 69 (2021) e138816.
A. Vats, A. Dvivedi, P. Kumar, P, Mater. Manuf. Process. 36 (2020) 677–692.
J.R. Vinod Kumaar, R. Thanigaivelan, Mater. Manuf. Process. 35 (2020) 969–977.
T. Geethapiriyan, A.A. Kumar, A.A. Raj, G. Kumarasamy, J.S. John, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 912 (2020) p.032039.
S. Maniraj, R. Thanigaivelan, Mater. Manuf. Process. 34 (2019) 1494–1501.
G. Liu, Y. Li, Q. Kong, H. Tong, H. Zhong, Precis. Eng. 52 (2018) 425–433
C. Guo, Y. Liu, Z. Wei, J. Niu, Recent Pat. Mech. Eng. 10 (2017) 51–59.
B. Mouliprasanth, P. Hariharan, Exp. Tech. 44 (2020) 259–273.
R. Thanigaivelan, R. Senthilkumar, RM. Arunachalam, N. Natarajan, Surf. Eng. Appl. Electrochem. 53 (2017) 486–492.
Y. Wang, Y. Zeng, N. Qu, D. Zhu, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 84 (2016) 851–859.
WA. Jorgensen, BM. Frome, C. Wallach, Eur. J. Surg. 574 (1994) 83–86.
D.Y. Wu, JF. Li, B. Ren, ZQ. Tian, Chem. Soc. Rev. 37 (2008) 1025–1041.
M. Iqbal, MM. Nauman, FU. Khan, PE. Abas, Q. Cheok, A. Iqbal, B. Aissa, Int. J. Energy Res. 45 (2020) 65–102.
Y. Lu, Z. Tu, LA. Archer, Nat. Mater. 13 (2014) 961–969.
Y. Jin, N. Yang, X. Xu, Appl. Therm. Eng. 179 (2020) 115732.
M. Wissler, J. Power Sources 156 (2006) 142–150.
RC. Cruz Gómez, L. Zavala Sansón, MA. Pinilla, Exp. Fluids 54 (2013) 1582.
O. Sambalova, E. Billeter, O. Yildirim, A. Sterzi, D. Bleiner, A. Borgschulte, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 46 (2021) 3346–3353
F. Bellucci, A. Di Martino, C. Liberti, J. Appl. Electrochem. 16 (1986) 15–22.
Natarajan, P., Karibeeran, S.S. & Murugesan, P.K. J Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 43, (2021). 507.