Biowaste composting process - comparison of a rotary drum composter and open container Original scientific paper

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Maša Buljac
Nediljka Vukojević-Medvidović
Ana-Maria Šunjić
Zvonimir Jukić
Josip Radić


Composting is recognized as a sustainable waste management approach in which microorganisms treat and stabilize biodegradable waste under aerobic conditions to obtain compost as a final product. In this paper, composting of biowaste in a rotary drum composter (closed system) and an open container (open system) was compared. Temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, a carbon-to-nitrogen mass ratio (C/N ratio) and contents of moisture, carbon and dry and volatile matter, were measured during composting. Results showed decreasing profiles for moisture, volatile matter, and carbon contents, as well as for the C/N ratio, while increasing profiles for the dry matter content and electrical conductivity during composting in both systems. Leachates were formed only during the first three days of composting and were characterized with high organic loads, high ammonia concentrations, low pH, and high conductivity and turbidity. The organic matter content data during the composting process were analysed according to the first order kinetic model. Results suggested that there was a difference in the rate of organic matter decomposition, which was higher when composting in the open vessel than in the rotary drum composter.


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Buljac, M., Vukojević-Medvidović, N., Šunjić, A.-M., Jukić, Z., & Radić, J. (2022). Biowaste composting process - comparison of a rotary drum composter and open container: Original scientific paper. HEMIJSKA INDUSTRIJA (Chemical Industry), 76(4), 251–262.
Applied Chemistry


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